Commemorating Operation Polo: How Indian Army Foiled Nizam And MIM's Plan For Osmanistan

Published on 17 Sep 2014 on category Events for zone Rest of India

This article details how the Nizam state rebelled to create a Muslim state named Osmanistan and MIM tortured Hindus to provoke India and led to Indian Army action in Hyderabad codenamed Operation Polo


Operation Polo Operation Polo
Pictures: 1. MIM leader Qasim Rizvi planning the massacre of Hindus with Muslim leaders. 2. Qasim Rizvi with his MIM paramilitary Razakars. 3. Razakars butchering the Hindu civilians in cold blood. 4. Indian army units encounter the Nizam forces when they terrorise the Hindu civilian farmers. 5. Hindu civilians joining the Indian Army after an encounter site has come under control of Indian Army. 6. Nizam Army chief General El Edroos Arab surrendering to Indian commander Lt. General Jayonto Choudhury.

This 17th September we must recall how the Indian Army countered the Deccan Doomsday originating from what is politically called the Deccan Ulcer that could Balkanize India within a moment by the virtue of Islamic uprising and Pakistani external invasion aided by the British-American diplomacy to doom India. On 17th September the Indian Army led by the first Bengali chief of Indian Army, then a Lt. General Joyanto Nath Choudhury, demolished the nefarious war efforts of the then Hyderabad Nizam state against India and amalgamated it with India.

The Origin of the Nizam State:

The Nizam state was formed in 1724 by Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Ali Jah after the total fall of the Mughals and it was the first princely state to surrender to the British and become their ally in the Britification of the entire Indian subcontinent. When the partition of India happened, the shape of India was not what we can see today, the Britons weaved the seeds of Balkanization of India right then. While the British allowed an “Intact Pakistan” they became “liberal” in India and wanted India to allow the princely states of Hindu majority or Hindu rule to choose whether they want a merger with India or not while all Muslim states amalgamated with Pakistan at slightest possibility. However mostly Indian princely states merged with India except for Muslim majority state Kashmir ruled by the Hindu ruler and Muslim states like Junagarh and Hyderabad. The Britons wanted the India to have ulcers in its heart and when time demands, they explode. Muslim states and Pakistan were allies of the British in dominating Hindus in particular and India in general. Thanks to the impotent and inept diplomacy of Nehru and Gandhi that these things were made possible. At the time of partition, the Nizam demanded a Muslim state named “Osmanistan” to be named after the contemporary leader Mir Osman Ali.

War Preparation against India:

The half success in the Kashmir conflict and occupation of the PoK made Hari Singh of JnK merge his state with India and Indian Army saved Kashmir. However, Pakistan wanted a second heavy front, unlike Junagarh that can lead a total Balkanization of India powered by a tremendous action plan. In 1947 itself arms worth INR 200 Million were imported from Pakistan to organize a massive invasion against India. The Nizam ordered Qasim Rizvi, chief of Majlis-Ittehadul-Muslimeen (MIM) to raise a Razakar (mercenary/private militia) paramilitary force almost 200000 strong, to aid the main Hyderabad State Force in their war. MIM was formed in 1926 to build an Islamic state in Deccan and through mass-conversion reduce the Hindu majority. The MIM and Hyderabad’s intelligence officers outreached the Muslim outfits throughout India to assist in their war and a massive recruitment of North Indian Muslims and Pathans were made both inside and outside Hyderabad. 4 infantry regiments were raised consisting of Arabs, Rohillas, North Indian Muslims and Pathans named Saraf-e-Khas, Paigah, Arab and Refugee. The total strength of the force was 22000. The quality of weapons was better than their Indian counterparts and it got further betterment at the airdrop of the western arms through the Australian arms dealer Sidney Cotton.

The communal massacre of the Hindus to provoke India:

One of the oldest but useless tricks of the Islamic invaders to provoke India, to massacre the Hindus residing in their territories, despite the fact that a “secular” India will never be outraged at the brutal massacre of at least “Hindus” anywhere in the world unless they practically attack “India”. The MIM encouraged the Razakars to massacre the Hindu men and children in the rural areas and abduct their women and implement their actual founding agenda- mass conversion of the Hindus to reduce the Hindu majority. Under these order the Hindus were massacred regularly from 1947 to 1948 but the Nehru administration didn’t take any slightest care and only Ballav Bhai Patel raised the issue of anti-Indian activities like conniving with Pakistan which were cleverly settled against the favor of India by Indian Governor General Lord Mountbatten and Hyderabad counterparts like Laik Ali and Walter Monckton. The largest human slaughter and abduction was carried out by MIM in the Marathawada region and it is documented in many historical pieces, one example being “Marathawada under the Nizams” by Kate PV. One of the main objectives of the atrocities on the Hindus was to initiate retaliatory violence against the Muslims in India for which the Muslims were prepared but Hindus were not. Thus a civil war would lead and Hindus would have both casualties and diplomatic loss.

The Diplomatic plan set up by the Nizam:

The Nizam outreach agents and diplomats built and excellent plan to Balkanize India via the civil war. The British had direct aid in that and it would have given the British one more chance to resettle in India forever. Pakistan and other Islamic princely states remained loyal to the British forever. The post-partition British gameplan was to rule India via Islamic agents. Mountbatten and Monckton had cultivated all situations in favor of Hyderabad. The Hyderabad’s plan was to reach the western masters like UK and US and accuse India of gross violations of human rights and start a global propaganda against India of being a “failed state” to protect its minorities. Nizam even asked US president Harry Truman to step in, however, he could never get an excuse to step into the mess as no retaliatory action was done by the Hindus ever. In fact, the British agents inside Indian Army never wanted the Nizam to lose and amalgamate with India. When Major General AA Rudra was going to lead the Indian Army strike, the British officer in the Indian Army General Roy Bucher asked Indian Army not to attack as it would become the Deccan front for Indian Army after Kashmir.

Hyderabadi invasion on Indian posts:

The Hyderabad State Force under the leadership of an Arab, Major General El Edroos was desperate and impatient of war. Though the historians and researchers preach that India “invaded” Nizam, they make a clear rape attempt of truth and unbiased intellect. They show the world only the skirmishes happened on 13th September but don’t tell what happened on 6th. On 6th September the Hyderabad State Force deployed the Razakar paramilitary units to heavily attack the Indian check-posts in Chillakallu which was later defended by Maratha and 2/5 Gurkha units which chased the Razakars back to Kodar in Nizam territory where the hungry state forces were waiting for Indians but they lost miserably and the Maratha Horsemen destroyed the armored vehicle of the Hyderabad Lancers and forced the surrender of state garrison. That’s when the actual war started and Indian Army was alerted of a Deccan war front.

India strikes back:

On 13th September the Operation Polo or “Hyderabad Police Action” began which was not at all a Police Action. The initial strike was carried out by the Poona Horse, 2/5 Gurkha rifles which were the first units to have a taste of the Nizam forces. Major General AA Rudra led the strikes and the Victorian mission of Indian Army began. Later Maratha and Sikh army units were called in to make support and pave ways for the main disastrous striking units and sabotage forces consisting of fierce warrior tribes like Gurkhas and Dogras. 9 Dogra and 2/5 Gurkhas carried out the deadliest strikes in the entire battle.

After a series of conflicts, Indian Army finally destroyed the Hyderabad State Force and Razakars who were 222,000 strong compared to only 35,000 Indian Army soldiers equipped with worse quality weapons as compared to their Nizam counterparts. However the casualties for the Nizam went far higher than Indians- in comparison to 35 Indian soldiers killed in action and 97 wounded the Nizam suffered the loss of 807 HDF and 1373 Razakar and 1647 HDF and 1911 Razakar captured who were in uniform. However, a large number of mercenaries were without uniform belonging to the 200000 Razakar force, who had been labeled as “civilians” and such casualties number in 27000 to 40000 but some scholars reach them up to 200000.

In the early hours of 17 September, the Indian army entered Bidar. Meanwhile, forces led by the 1st Armoured regiment were at the town of Chityal about 60 km from Hyderabad, while another column took over the town of Hingoli. By the morning of the 5th day of hostilities, it had become clear that the Hyderabad army and the Razakars had been routed on all fronts and with extremely heavy casualties. At 5 PM of 17 September Nizam announced ceasefire thus ending the armed action. On the noon of 17 September, a messenger brought a personal note from the Nizam to India's Agent General to Hyderabad, K.M. Munshi summoning him to the Nizam's office at 1600 hours. At the meeting, the Nizam stated "The vultures have resigned. I don't know what to do". Munshi advised the

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Written By
Titu Shadowson
Titu Shadowson has written investigative articles in premier Afghan daily Afghanistan Times on topics like military and geopolitics. He has has been republished by numerous digital and print media.
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Fist Published On: 17 Sep 2014

Last Updated On: 01:03:53pm 08 Mar 2017

Reading Timelength: 9 Minutes

Type of Post: Article

Category: Events

Zone: Rest of India

Primary Topic: #IndianArmy

Tags: first bengali chief of indian army, general jayonto choudhury, history of mim, hyderabad nizam, hyde

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